The Urban Design Elements and Principles


Engineering New


Nowadays, more than 50 % of the world’s population is living in cities, and the number is increasing year after year. Urbanization in Egypt is increasing with the international shift in economy. The increase of the service economic sector compared to the decrease other economic sectors such as agricultural, industrial and commercial. Thus, there is a very hard need to understand and explore the different factors which is affecting cities. Urban Design Elements and Principles Course, is trying to identify the basic elements of the city and also provide the basic principles for urban design. Both the urban design elements and principles will pave the road to initiate opportunities of creation to redesign cities with new perception and ideas.


Talent academy seized the opportunity to provide the market with professional architects and urban designers who are capable of creating new urban environment based on knowledge and facts. The course will also deal with other new concepts of urban planning such as, the city as a business, as a cultural hub and new concepts for urban design, Urban noise, urban tourism, green urbanism, etc.


With passing the course project evaluation, participants can look forward to career opportunities as a professional urban designer and coordinator, with a real chance to work in major independent professional offices or a major construction companies through practical talent engineering company which has gained in the last 15 years.



Basic knowledge of architecture and urban design is preferable to join this course



The Urban Design Elements and Principles Course (UDEPC) is a 5 weeks program (30 training hours), the objectives of this course are:

1- Learn methods of studying the urban environment by physical observation and analysis.

2- Reading the built environment in its current urban condition.

3- Understanding the history and dynamics of a place, when it was built and for whom

4- Studying the physical and sensory indicators of economic and social change, trends, and problems

5- Develop design thinking skills to understand the physical structure of the city across scales

6- Enhance the ability to communicate urban design ideas graphically and through written form

7- Understand that urban design and planning ambitions are influenced by a wide variety of factors: physical, political, economic, social, and cultural


Target audience

This course program is designed for the improvement of professionals, architects, and urban planners who are keen to enhance their designing skills and applying tools. The course is a chance for architects to meet, discuss, design and formulate new ideas and concepts. By employing urban design elements and principles, to talented and professional design analysis. Potential participants include fresh graduates, architecture designers, consultants, project coordinators, project managers.


Course duration

5 weeks, 2 sessions weekly, 3 hours /session.


Course Price

Course price: Please call +201005658055


Course schedule



Urban design is it an “Art of the city”

1.5 hour

1.5 hour

Lecture 1


Elements and principles = meanings

· What is the difference between architecture, urban design and landscape architecture?

· What is urban design architecture?

· History of urban design

· What does urban design consider and main concern

· What do you expect from the course?

· Open discussion and questions

Lecture 2

Urban design dimensions 6D and project area

· Behavior, time, function, form, visual, environment

· Perception and human scale.

· Introduction to project area for analysis

Lecture 3

Site visit (day and night excursions)

· Day light excursion, be prepared with comfortable shoes, cameras and refreshers.

· Night life excursion, be prepared with comfortable shoes, cameras and refreshers.

Lecture 4

Theories of urban design analysis

· The image of the city – mental maps. Mental maps, image ability, legibility and way finding.

· Exercise 1

· City elements according to Kevin Lynch theory, paths, nodes, districts, landmarks, gates and edges.

· City elements categorization (strong, weak, major, minor, etc.)

Lecture 5

Urban design elements and principles

· Elements; Line, value, color, texture, shape & form, size, direction, space

· Exercise 2

· Principles; Unity, conflict, dominance, repetition, attention, harmony, balance, gradation, rhythm, contrast, balance, proportion, variety, proximity, legibility, image ability, order, appropriateness.

Lecture 6

Theories of urban design analysis

· Typology – types

· Morphology – relations

· Figure ground theory

· Skyline

· Exercise 3

· Finding lost spaces. Urban space, lost space, anti-space, soft & hard space, Roger L. Trancik

· SWOT Analysis

· PCP Analysis

· Exercise 4

Lecture 7


· Pre-final presentation

· Pre-final presentation

Lecture 8

Urban design and the city as a business

· Land use, land value and urban development.

· Understanding how uses are located: the bid rent curve; Evolution of the patterns ? from the walkable city to edge city.

· Cities as central places. Functional patterns of market and form: concentric zones, sectors, nodes.

Lecture 9

Urban design as a cultural language


· Recurring themes: public and private; site and density and dispersion; local culture and global; the rich and the poor.

· Recurring neighborhoods, production spaces, markets, streets, public places, and symbols.

· Discussion on form, human behavior, and value systems.

· Tradition, art, social life, security, emotion

· New concepts for urban design, urban noise, urban tourism, green urbanism, etc

Lecture 10

Final presentations

· Final presentations

· Final presentations




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